Department of Civil Engineering

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The Study Structure of the Department of Civil Engineering (1999/2000)

Civil engineering is concerned with asset of actives that focus on the advanced and welfare of communities. It covers engineering studies related to housing, architecture, water, the environment and infrastructure, including roads, bridges, and irrigation schemes and other similar activities.

Civil Engineering studies began as early as 1939 in the University of Khartoum when the School of Engineering was opened to award the degree of diploma in general engineering. In 1952 the department of Civil Engineering was established to award the degree of diploma in general Engineering. In 1952 the department of Civil Engineering was established to award the degree of B Sc to about two thousand graduate. The table below shows increases in the numbers of graduates of the Department of Civil Engineering:

Year

No of Graduates

Year

No of Graduates

Year

No of Graduates

Year

No of Graduates

1941

5

1957

4

1971

28

1985

81

1944

6

1958

7

1972

34

1986

98

1945

3

1959

6

1973

30

1987

57

1946

7

1960

8

1974

25

1988

55

1947

-

1961

6

1975

40

1989

74

1984

7

1962

11

1976

52

1990

64

1949

-

1963

21

1977

46

1991

66

1950

6

1964

18

1978

45

1992

70

1951

-

1965

15

1979

73

1993

72

1952

6

1966

24

1980

79

1994

70

1953

5

1967

28

1981

69

1995

86

1954

9

1968

13

1982

85

1996

85

1955

-

1969

18

1983

73

1997

96

1956

8

1970

22

1984

66

1998

93

 

 

 

 

 

 

1999

122

The Department of Civil Engineering has its own library that accommodates up to 100 studies. The Department is witnessing great expansions and development in Civil Engineering technologies so as to be able to meet requirement of expanding admission of new students and the requirements of training of qualified civil engineering in all Civil engineering specialization, who will in turn confront the needs of expanding development all over the country, to construct infrastructure such as roads, irrigation schemes, bridges provision of local building materials development of architectural works, protection of environmental protection, provision of clean water and soil studies.

Thus, we believe that a new study and administrative structures must be developed to accommodate this expansion in Civil Engineering specializations mentioned above.

New Proposed Study Structure:

The new believe that anew study and administrative structures must be developed to accommodate this in Civil Engineering comprises three branches:

a.      Construction and Building Materials Engineering

b.     Water and Environment Engineering

c.     Soil and Roads studies Engineering

Objectives:

The main objectives of these sections could be summarized as follows:

 1. The Construction and Building Materials Engineering Section will be concerned with preparing designs for different constriction works and execution there of according to specification required. Time has come for setting local standard and specification that suit the Sudanese environment. The section will also be concerned with carrying out researches to encourage the usage of local building materials to minimize building costs. The section has three laboratories that be rehabilitated and qualified to meet requirements of researches and studies in this field the section also has a group of professors in all specializations that could develop curricula of constriction and building materials at both graduate post- graduate levels.

           2- The water and environment Engineering Section has its local           and international dimensions. The importance of studies in these specializations has grown rapidly in recent years for its connection with basic development elements such as designing and execution of water canal in agricultural and animal uses. The sectioní concerns also includes development of water resources, both surface and underground water , study of river mechanics , study of flooding forecasts and designing and execution of water dams for the generation of power and irrigation of agricultural projects.

                Another concern of the Water and Environment Engineering section is the use of surface and underground water for drinking and industrial purposes, environmental protection, drainage studies, and treatment of industrial refuse and drainage of rain water . With the exacerbation of local environmental problems Water and Environment Engineering researches are vital to check environmental pollution and tap opportunities for recycling water for agricultural and industrial uses.

              The Section has two laboratories for hydraulic experiments. Other  hydraulic laboratories were designed and installed at a number of Faculties of Engineering at some new  Universities, including Universities of Sinnar and El- Obied. The other laboratory to be installed at this proposed section is an environmental engineering laboratory to be used in environmental engineering experiments. The section also has a group of professors in all specializations that could develop curricula of water and Environment Engineering materials at both graduate and post graduate levels.

        3- The soil and roads studies Engineering section is one of the important sections for the advanced of the wheel of development and growth in the country. There are currently several thousands of roads under construction in the country, with several thousands others in the planning and designing stages. All this, in addition to traffic problems in urban centers needs studies and research. Soul studies are also closely connected with the construction of roads, apart from their vital importance in the processes of designing and execution of structures and infrastructures such as brides, dams and water canals and pipelines.

               There are also local problems related to the types of soils in the Sudan such as the so called expansive soil and soils containing chemical elements. Therefore, development of appropriate curricula for soil and roads studies dictates establishment of such section. The section has two laboratories, one for soil and foundations studies and the other for road engineering experiments.